Racial Discrimination and Political Correctness in China

An article about racial discrimination and identity acknowledgement.


Intro-My experience over summer vac

“Don’t feel hollow” is something I have been holding up lately, especially during holidays and weekends. But getting my working life together isn’t always an easy job. In the history of ancient China, there are always sayings like-“一张一弛”, means to learn to lay low and slower your life, also to make it extreme active under certain condition/environment. For now, the right move is to transform from the first mode to the second, but I felt something troubling me on taking actions.

In order to not get over-emo, I decide to at least offer a paper to myself to cover the learning and growth in this summer, in other words, to get me busy for a while.

The project of ZNW is quite adorable and worth talking about. Because I got a great amount of data and information about the realness of Africans in China, and the difference between Africans described by internet users and citizens in Guangzhou is also well-discovered. Btw also gained a girlfriend on the way which is cool tho.

Those are the explanation on the existence of this paper- “Final personal essay on Africans in China”

Openness of Traditional Culture

How Have We Been Told | Actions of Defensing one’s Culture

As I believe, the Chinese nationality isn’t always open to all foreign nations and cultures, even though China is already formed by several “outsiders” for decades, e.g. the Mongolians in the Yuan dynasty, the Manchus in Qing dynasty.

China ends up admitting the very existence of the minority nationality who call themselves Chinese, and the entire nation gets to play along while avoiding the conflicts back in the past.


After all we have been through, the value of nationality in China is quite united now, for the history behind, we rather call it “The history of blood and tears” and everyone is aware of “铭记历史”, to memorize the dark side of the past and keep on the work of “Revitalizing China”.

With that been said, our attitudes toward the outsiders are still on a certain level of vigilant, particularly when it comes to the Japanese and the westerners.

The Chinese don’t need citizenship to be the element of internal cohesion at all. Instead, China’s fundamental level of society is covered by blood relationship, or “Family kinship”.

Centrality of Citizens

The image above shows the structure of the Chinese family kinship, the central person usually has the biggest influential power and popularity, but the branches of a big family also indicate the openness of society.

Speak of the blood relationship in China, the complexity of the Chinese family should also be mentioned.

People of China cares about their family blood throughout generations, in China they call it “一脉相传”, but the branches of a big family is not linear, more like a net-like diagram.

Family-Country Governing: 家国同构

This is the extended form of the great family blood system. The original beginning is that the purest relationship has been enlarged into a national governance structure, it causes the bond that unites people’s relationship evolves from blood relationship to various kinds of “sub-blood relationship”, e.g. people gets closer when they realized that they are related in ways like comrades, compatriots, even schoolmates.

The modernization in China took place here as well, which transform the old family-country governing system(higher governance controlled by families of royalty), into the new sub-blood relationship system.

Now, the new sub-blood relationship system/network is what troubles the foreigners, because they will be confused after experiencing this network of the Chinese people.

Another factor in the traditional culture that troubles the foreigners is the morality stand inside Chinese people’s heart:


The translation of this text is “If the wild tribes(around mainland) come to China, they should act like Chinese, vice versa.”

In my opinion, the fundamental tradition of Chinese culture has already been constructed long ago, more details will be revealed in the later argument.

Old sayings like these exist in all kinds of dynasties throughout history, therefore I would consider it as one of the traditional creeds belong to our culture.

Defending the soil-Wakening of national sense of honor

The Ancient Enemies of China

Why can China have this strong sense of organization and internal identity acknowledgment, and even can be able to recover from its collapse to build itself all over again?

China has particularly two main threats from its land, which help to form the national sense of honor we have now, which is the key to this article.

  • The flooding of the Yellow River in the central plain

Every ancient civilization has its mother river, but the Yellow River in China is too unpredictable and dangerous, to manage it, the government has to organize and command the manpower and resources in a relatively large area. So the system of defending the land from the river exists way-long times before.

  • The security threat from the Northern nomadic people

When encountering natural changes, the northern nomadic people got no choices but to go south and snatch up on the resources from the central plain. And to dispose of those safety threats, our ancestors built the concept of “华夏” which means the center of China, to make the Chinese at that point feel stronger together, and so the idea of our nationality was planted.

Still, a huge lifestyle gap exists between the two nations, the nomads were born as fighters on the grassland, their individual tactics are strong enough to support themselves even if they are alone in the plain, the form of producing and battling are very much alike, for example, they sleep under their yurts and can survive days drinking horse milk, etc. In sum, the national mobility of the nomads is high.

As for the Chinese from the middle plains, the event of King You of Zhou dynasty indicates that the Chinese(the middle plain people) has already finished building a defense system at that time, also known as the Great Wall. However, we are a sedentary crop-growing nation, if we are required to march on to war, it would be impossible to win without the great capability of the organization, but great fighting capacity still demands organizing the soldiers and equipment, transporting the provisions and back-up, etc, it is a gigantic amount of work.

The Great Wall

Many national heroes were made in war, such as general Yue Fei who fights the Jin army(Manchus), or general Li Guang who helps emperor Wen in Han strengthen the capacity of China. The classic sentence: “但使龙城飞将在,不教胡马度阴山” represents our attitude to the Huns/Manchus.

All in all, the national collective pride of the Chinese obviously exists for a long time, and the main reason why China was formed together from different “nations/kingdoms” rather than scattering into small separated countries like Europe, is because that people in China put more value into our national identity than world citizenship and global awareness.

Invasion of Traditional Culture

Diversity of Chinese and African Culture | Actions of Invading

Exclusiveness of Traditional Culture

Attitudes Toward Old Culture and New | Discrimination

New Wave of Cultural Values in China

How the Social Media Inspires the Young | Generalization of Entertainment Service

Environment of African-Chinese’s living

How the Cantonese think of the Africans | How are their lives
Ⅰ| Governing
  • Language barriers and stereotypes: Africans as foreigners

China doesn’t have that much of immigrants in other province than Guangzhou, but that also makes Guangzhou one of the few safe houses in China. Which means the comments from outside Guangzhou is different to what the Cantonese think.

During the Covid-19 period of time, almost every africans have suffered from “inefficient health supports” in China


Political Correctness in China

Referable Cultures and Countries | Where is the Center of Humanity

Published by roy-gao

My name is Roy and I am the assassin of the world of philosophy. You can always find me in my old wooden house next to the secret lake.

2 thoughts on “Racial Discrimination and Political Correctness in China

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